NIJ's Transnational Organized Crime Research Portfolio
The National Institute of Justice's portfolio of research on transnational organized crime (TOC) dates back to 1998. Since
then, NIJ has funded 25 projects in four focus areas: the measurement and assessment of TOC, risk assessment and its use in
targeting counter-TOC programs, the deconstruction of TOC groups and their illicit operations, and the prevention of TOC.
The portfolio has produced vital information for practitioners and stakeholders in this field, including:
- A 2003 survey of state and local law enforcement officials that pinpointed perceptions of the threat from TOC and the most
significant challenges for addressing TOC at the local level.
- A 2003 project that developed a TOC risk assessment tool that law enforcement officials can employ to improve their targeting
- A 2004 survey of practitioners in six Asian countries that found, among other things, that TOC groups in these countries were
highly specialized and only collaborated when smuggling goods or people through or outside the region.
- A 2005 study that detailed the links between TOC and terrorism and included an indicators and warning model that law enforcement
practitioners can use to identify future linkages.
- Numerous studies of TOC's links to intellectual property theft and the smuggling of natural resources, which developed more
accurate estimates of the size and scope of these forms of TOC.
To read these and other studies, visit NIJ's topical collection on transnational organized crime on NIJ.gov.
In 2010, NIJ funded two projects in this area — one at the University of California – Los Angeles, and the other at Michigan
State University. The University of California project will employ an innovative methodology to estimate the size of an illicit
market and to pinpoint the social networks that allow the market to function, a necessary step toward improving law enforcement
targeting of TOC groups and those that facilitate them. The Michigan State project will detail the organization and operations
of online credit card fraud with the goal of improving the field's understanding of how TOC groups are exploiting cybercrime.
In 2010, NIJ also sponsored an evaluation of how foreign countries use unexplained wealth orders as a tool against TOC with
an eye toward how the U.S. might employ this tool in the future.
Date Created: November 3, 2011