At the conclusion of this module the student should be able to do the following:
- Identify the common metal shaping operations used in the manufacture of tools, including
- common cutting operations based on the formation of metal chips,
- common metal forming operations not involving cutting,
- modern metal machining techniques.
- Describe the following concepts as they relate to the formulation of conclusions relating to toolmark examination and comparison:
- Class characteristics
- Individual characteristics
- Subclass characteristics
- AFTE Theory of Identification
- Pattern matching
- Sufficient agreement
- Best known nonmatch
- Consecutive matching striae (CMS)
- AFTE Range of Conclusions
- Explain the differences between the terms
- Itemize the essential items of equipment necessary to carry out the
comparison microscopy of toolmarks.
- Summarize the prerequisites that must be addressed prior to initiating any examination or comparison of toolmarked evidence.
- Describe the examination protocol for the microscopic comparison of the class and individual characteristics represented by toolmarks.
- Describe the examination protocol for the examination and comparison of fracture marks.