MAPS: General Law Enforcement Projects

Architecting the Spatial Enablement of the Missouri Incident-Based Reporting System (MIBRS) for Enhanced Geographic Analysis and Query

Grantee: University of Missouri
Amount: $497,290
Award Number: 2007-DE-BX-K004

Description: The information revolution of the past two decades has made it possible to access accurate information with unprecedented speed. Law enforcement practitioners and the public expect agency information systems to respond quickly and to be able to recognize crime patterns. It is critical to provide linkages among the various databases so that actionable information can be effectively queried and retrieved.

This study will facilitate coordinated, unified, timely and effective investigations by state law enforcement in Missouri. The funds will be used to geospatially enable the Missouri Incident-Based Reporting System (MIBRS), allowing agencies to report incident-based crime statistics; collect tactical information from incident reports for proactive information sharing; and permit officers to search, integrate, link, analyze, share, mine and map crime information through a Web-based application. MIBRS will be able to provide a link for information sharing from the local agencies to N-DEx, the national information system being built by the FBI’s Criminal Justice Information Services.

The system impact of this initiative is related to information technology architecture and compliance. Understanding, managing and integrating data more effectively are critical. Metadata describe the derivation of information assets and processes, the fundamental relationships between them, and information use. Metadata also provide the context for operational and business rules that link geospatial and business data. Missouri must govern the relationships (and interdependencies) of tabular and geospatial data to establish the compliance checks that support data integration and standards adoption. In essence, data governance is the control mechanism for validating data, and the foundation of a state investigative enterprise.

The linkages, coordination and development efforts will also create equity across all levels of government, eliminating many gaps in information access and investigative resources, capabilities and capacities. This study ensures that processes and procedures are in place for law enforcement at all levels to identify and respond to suspicious individuals and activities; to determine the patterns and context associated with indicators of crime-related activities; to apprehend and interdict suspects; and to effectively gather, catalog, synthesize, analyze, integrate and share information through geospatial constructs.

Intermediate Implementation of Improved Crime Data System

Grantee: Georgia State University
Amount: (2002) $3,051,999
(2003) $1,490,250
Award Number: 2002-RG-CX-K005

Description: The original award allowed Georgia State University and the University of Missouri - St. Louis to work with selected public research institutions in the Great Cities' University (GCU) coalition to develop improved standards and methods for the collection, analysis and dissemination of criminal justice data across jurisdictions in the United States. The applicant developed a data collection model for this purpose and addressed organizational and operational aspects of agency-based crime data technology. The goal for the first award was the development of improved statistical indicators for crime, based on an improved data infrastructure. A secondary goal was to develop an accountable record management system that would enhance the capacity of local law enforcement agencies to implement and evaluate interventions; conduct long-term planning; respond more effectively to information requests from citizens, officials and researchers; improve allocation of personnel; and make better use of budget resources.

The second proposed project proposed implementing the model mentioned above on a limited national basis in the GCU coalition. Sites considered for inclusion during the second phase of this project included Boston; Cleveland; Kansas City, Mo.; and Portland, Ore.

Support for NIJ Geospatial Technologies Portfolio

Grantee: South Carolina Research Authority
Amount: $1,115,000
Award Number: 2007-IJ-CX-K014

Description: The National Law Enforcement and Corrections Technology Center-Southeast is conducting a set of geospatial tasks that provide technical assistance to the field; developing a new interface, materials and evaluation for CrimeStat; and testing urban development of simulation routines as proof of concept for predicting future crime.

The Second Survey of Police Departments' Use of Computerized Crime Mapping

Intramural Researchers: Ronald E. Wilson, Christopher D. Maxwell, Cedrick Hereaux

Description: Ten years have passed since the Crime Mapping Research Center conducted a survey of law enforcement agencies across the United States to learn more about how criminologists use computerized mapping techniques to analyze crime. A second survey will work to learn more about recent trends in crime mapping and examine technological (and other) developments that have occurred since the first survey was conducted.

Terrorism in Time and Space: The Inclusion of Spatio-Temporal Data From Federal Terrorism Cases Into the ATS Database

Grantee: University of Arkansas
Amount: $350,000
Award Number: 2006-IJ-CX-0037

Description: The goal of the project is to complete temporal and spatial data collection on all terrorism cases officially investigated by the FBI under the Attorney General's Guidelines for Terrorism Investigations for the period 1980-2004. Using automated Web extraction tools developed by the Institute for the Study of Violent Groups at Sam Houston State University, researchers will extract information on approximately 265 variables from open source documents and court case files. The extracted variables are coded into a server-based Oracle relational database and GIS developed by the Center for Advanced Spatial Technologies at the University of Arkansas. The new data will ensure a much more comprehensive and complete record of terrorism in the United States, allowing criminal justice professionals to examine group-type analyses for the first time. (The small sample sizes of previous studies precluded this type of analysis.)

Date Created: July 21, 2009