Standards and Testing for Criminal Justice Restraints

NIJ has developed and published a standard for criminal justice restraints and is working with conformity assessment bodies to develop acceptable criteria by which NIJ would recognize a product certification scheme operated by a certification body in the private sector.

Download Criminal Justice Restraints, NIJ Standard 1001.00 (pdf, 66 pages).

The criminal justice restraints standard supersedes the NIJ standard for metallic handcuffs, NIJ Standard 0307.01. Also, NIJ is discontinuing the metallic handcuffs Compliance Testing Program. The program is closed to new submissions effective September 14, 2016. The metallic handcuffs Compliant Products List will remain available until September 14, 2017. 

Product Certification Scheme

In place of the current Compliance Testing Program, NIJ has been working with conformity assessment bodies to develop acceptable criteria by which NIJ would recognize a product certification scheme operated by a certification body in the private sector.

The Minimum Scheme Requirements is the next step in NIJ's strategy to speed delivery of standardized equipment to the marketplace at reduced cost. It describes the minimum requirements that a product certifier's process known as a "scheme" most contain to certify restraints and will enable third party testing and certification of restraints at no cost to the government.

Download the scheme (pdf, 8 pages).

About the Standard

Criminal Justice Restraints, NIJ Standard 1001.00, is a voluntary performance standard for restraints for use by the criminal justice community. The standard serves two primary purposes:

  • Minimum requirements for restraints used by criminal justice personnel conducting law enforcement and corrections duties.
  • Methods for assessing that the performance requirements are met.

Four types of restraints are addressed in the standard. Restraint types 1 and 2 both are intended for temporary control when the subject is under direct observation, such as during a criminal justice correctional facility evacuation or mass arrest. Type 1 restraints are intended to be single-use while type 2 restraints are intended to be reusable for a limited number of uses and have a keyed locking mechanism operated by a standard key. Restraint types 3 and 4 are intended for control when the subject is not under direct observation but is supervised continuously, such as during transport, and are intended to be reusable for thousands of uses. Type 4 restraints have a higher level of tamper resistance than type 3 restraints. See the Standard for a more detailed discussion of each type.

The standard was developed by a Special Technical Committee of practitioners, technical experts, and others with experience in standards development and conformity assessment. The work of the committee was reviewed by an Advisory Working Group made up of senior-level representatives from stakeholder organizations and individuals with experience in standards development and conformity assessment. A full list of committee and working group members is listed within the Standard.

Date Modified: August 17, 2017