The National Institute of Justice sponsors criminal court research and court-based program evaluation to identify tools, programs and policies that satisfy criminal justice goals including: public safety, cost-efficiency and fair and equitable treatment of victims and defendants.

Courts Research Portfolio

NIJ's criminal courts research informs these goals through several approaches:


Court Operations and Case Management — methods for criminal justice administration applicable to diversion, pretrial and other stages of the criminal case processing.

Pretrial Research Meeting

Reducing Pretrial Domestic Violence

Benefits of Implementing a Pretrial Safety Program

Implementing a Pretrial Safety Program to Reduce Domestic Violence

Implications and Recommendations to Improve Pretrial Safety

Technology — contraband detection technologies for courtroom security and forensic and other scientific technologies that support criminal case processing through information sharing, evidence testing and management and other investigative and trial functions. See related topics under forensics including types of forensic evidence and types of investigations.

Date Modified: March 15, 2013